Weeds: Field pennycress (Fanweed) – Thlaspi arvense

categories: F-H Weeds

revision date: 2024-06-22 07:53

  • Family: Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)
  • Cycle: Annual
  • Plant type: Broadleaf
Field pennycress fruits.
Field pennycress fruits
Photo by: D.G. Swan

Biology

Field pennycress grows six to eighteen inches tall, branching mainly in the upper, flowering portion of the plant. The leaves are elongate, hairless, and alternate, with larger leaves at the base of the plant and smaller leaves above. The lower leaves have petioles, while the upper leaves lack petioles and may clasp the stem. Leaf shape is variable, with some leaves shallowly toothed and others with smooth margins. Flowers are borne on the tips of branches at the top of the plant. The small blossoms have four white (sometimes pinkish) petals. Flowers occur singly on short stalks. Seeds are borne in a roughly circular pod about 2/5 inch in diameter. The pod has a thickened central portion surrounding the seeds and a thin, fan-like wing surrounding this central part. Mature pods split in half along a center partition. The tiny seeds are dark reddish-brown at maturity. This plant has a strong odor, sometimes described as onion-like.

Habitat

Field pennycress is found in fields, waste places, along roadsides, and in disturbed areas.

Management Options

Use Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for successful plant problem management.

Non-chemical Management

Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

  • Reduce weed establishment by maintaining a healthy planting or turf area to provide competition.
  • Cultivation (rototilling or hoeing) will effectively eliminate plants.
  • Hand-pull to eliminate weeds.
  • Mowing to prevent seed production is a very effective means of management. In lawns, mowing regularly at the proper height for the grass species may help minimize weed growth and invasion.
  • Careful digging is useful to manage weed populations. However, digging can carry undesirable weed seed to the surface and foster further germination.

Chemical Management

IMPORTANT: Visit Home and Garden Fact Sheets for more information on using pesticides.

  • Apply according to label directions.
  • Glyphosate products should be applied as spot treatments only!
  • There are also products available to licensed applicators for use to control this weed.
  • NOTE: Some ingredients listed here are only available in combination.
  • Read the label carefully on combination products to make sure the product is suitable for your specific situation.

Landscape areas

  • dichlobenil
  • glyphosate
  • products containing 2,4-D
  • products containing diquat

Turf areas

  • products containing 2,4-D

Bare ground areas

  • dichlobenil
  • glyphosate
  • products containing 2,4-D
  • products containing diquat

Additional Images