Geranium: Oedema

categories: Flowers Geranium Geranium Diseases Ornamentals

revision date: 2023-02-07 12:00

Oedema symptoms on top and bottom of geranium leaf.
Oedema symptoms on top and bottom of geranium leaf
Photo by: R.S. Byther


Oedema is a physiological problem that occurs when the soil is warmer than the air, soil moisture is high, and relative humidity is also high. Lower transpiration rates coupled with increased water absorption causes cell pressure to increase, erupting epidermal cells and allowing inner cells to bulge and protrude. Symptoms usually occur on lower leaf surfaces and appear as watery blisters or galls, which eventually turn dark brown, yellow, or rust and give the appearance of a rust or bacterial infection. Cells die and discolor, giving the impression of a parasitic infestation. Insect feeding (especially aphids and thrips), mechanical injury, chemicals, and windblown particles produce a similar effect.

Management Options

Use Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for successful plant problem management.

Non-chemical Management

Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

  • Do not overwater.
  • Plant in well-drained soil.
  • Increase plant spacing to reduce humidity.

Chemical Management

IMPORTANT: Visit Home and Garden Fact Sheets for more information on using pesticides.

  • None recommended

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