Weeds: Oxalis (Creeping woodsorrel) – Oxalis corniculata

categories: I-Po Weeds

revision date: 2024-06-22 08:14

  • Family: Oxalidaceae
  • Cycle: Perennial
  • Plant type: Broadleaf
Woodsorrel leaves and flower.
Woodsorrel leaves and flower
Photo by: J.A. Kropf

Biology

Creeping woodsorrel is a prostrate plant, initially growing from a slender taproot. Branches lie flat on the ground, rooting at the nodes to form new plants. The leaves consist of three heart-shaped leaflets joined to a long petiole. Leaves are alternate and may be green to purplish or maroon in color. The leaves often close and droop at night. Flowers are borne in groups of one to five blossoms on slender stalks. Each flower has five yellow petals and is typically about 1/4 inch long. Seeds are borne in pointed, elongate capsules that open explosively when dry, especially if the plant is disturbed. The seeds are reddish and have a rough surface. Yellow woodsorrel (O. stricta) is very similar in appearance and habit, but has a more upright growth habit. SPECIAL INFORMATION: Plants in the genus Oxalis, including creeping woodsorrel, should be considered toxic, as they may accumulate high levels of oxalic acid in the plant tissues.

Habitat

Creeping woodsorrel can be found in cultivated areas including gardens, lawns, and flower beds, as well as waste places and roadsides. It can also be a greenhouse weed.

Management Options

Use Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for successful plant problem management.

Non-chemical Management

Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

  • Reduce weed establishment by maintaining a healthy planting or turf area to provide competition.
  • Weed infestation can be reduced by cultivation methods such as rototilling or hoeing, where practical.

Chemical Management

IMPORTANT: Visit Home and Garden Fact Sheets for more information on using pesticides.

  • Apply according to label directions.
  • NOTE: Some ingredients listed here are only available in combination.
  • Read the label carefully on combination products to make sure the product is suitable for your specific situation.

Landscape areas

  • dichlobenil
  • products containing triclopyr

Turf areas

  • triclopyr

Bare ground areas

  • dichlobenil
  • triclopyr

Additional Images