WSU Extension

Hortsense

Cherry
 
Disease
Armillaria root rot 
Bacterial canker 
Black knot 
Brown rot blossom blight and fruit rot 
Crown gall 
Cytospora canker 
Dead bud 
Gumming (Gummosis) 
Leaf spot 
Little cherry 
Mottle leaf 
Necrotic rusty mottle 
Powdery mildew 
Prunus necrotic ringspot 
Shothole (Coryneum blight) 
Verticillium wilt 
Witches'-broom (Cherry leaf curl) 
Insect
Apple-and-thorn skeletonizer 
Black cherry aphid 
Brown marmorated stink bug 
Cherry bark tortrix 
Cherry fruit fly 
Cutworms and armyworms 
Earwigs 
Leafrollers 
Peachtree borer 
Pear slug (Cherry slug) 
San Jose scale 
Shothole borer 
Spider mites 
Spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) 



print version| pdf version| email url    
Caption: Black cherry aphid damage
Photo by: A.L. Antonelli
  
Cherry : Black cherry aphid
(revision date: 4/11/2018)


Biology
The black cherry aphid is a shiny, black, pear-shaped insect. Sweet cherry is the preferred host. The soft-bodied aphids feed in colonies on the tips of new growth, causing curling and distortion of the shoots and leaves. Injured leaves may turn brown and die back. The aphids overwinter on cherry as eggs, then young aphids feed on buds and leaves in the spring. Winged adults migrate to plants in the mustard family, which are the summer hosts of the aphids. Feeding aphids produce large amounts of honeydew, a sweet, sticky substance which may attract ants or become covered with a dark growth of sooty mold. The sooty mold can reduce fruit quality.
Management Options


Non-Chemical Management
  • Control weeds, especially mustard types.
  • Encourage natural predators including ladybird beetles, lacewings, syrphid flies, and parasitic wasps. Avoid use of broad-spectrum insecticides which kill beneficial insects.
  • Hand-wipe or prune to control small, localized infestations when practical.
  • Wash aphids from trees with a strong stream of water prior to leaf curl.
  • Control honeydew-feeding ants, which may protect aphid colonies from predators.
  • Provide proper nutrition. High levels of nitrogen encourage aphid reproduction. Switch to a slow-release or low-nitrogen fertilizer.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

Do not apply after blossoms appear. Soaps may require several applications. Oils such as Ortho Volck Oil Spray can be used during delayed dormant period to control overwintering aphid eggs. Homeowners should not make foliar applications to trees over 10 ft tall. Consult a commercial pesticide applicator for treatment of trees and shrubs over 10 ft. tall.

Listed below are examples of pesticides that are legal in Washington. Always read and follow all label directions.
  • Azamax Botanical Insecticide, Miticide, & Nematicide [Organic]
    Active ingredient: azadirachtin  |  EPA reg no: 71908-1-81268
  • Ortho Volck Oil Spray Dormant Season Insect Killer Conc
    Active ingredient: oil/pet distillate  |  EPA reg no: 239-16
  • R-T-U Year-Round Spray Oil
    Active ingredient: oil/pet distillate  |  EPA reg no: 6218-78
  • Safer Brand BioNEEM Multi-Purpose Insecticide & Repellent Conc [Organic]
    Active ingredient: azadirachtin  |  EPA reg no: 70051-6-42697
  • Safer Brand Garden Defense Multi-Purpose Spray Conc [Organic]
    Active ingredient: clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil  |  EPA reg no: 70051-2-42697
  • Safer Brand Insect Killing Soap with Seaweed Extract II [Organic]
    Active ingredient: potassium laurate  |  EPA reg no: 42697-59
  • This list may not include all products registered for this use.
Images

+ Show larger images

 
Caption: Black cherry aphid damage
Photo by: A.L. Antonelli
Caption: Black cherry aphids
Photo by: R.S. Byther