WSU Extension

Hortsense

Cherry
 
Disease
Armillaria root rot 
Bacterial canker 
Black knot 
Brown rot blossom blight and fruit rot 
Crown gall 
Cytospora canker 
Dead bud 
Gumming (Gummosis) 
Leaf spot 
Little cherry 
Mottle leaf 
Necrotic rusty mottle 
Powdery mildew 
Prunus necrotic ringspot 
Shothole (Coryneum blight) 
Verticillium wilt 
Witches'-broom (Cherry leaf curl) 
Insect
Apple-and-thorn skeletonizer 
Black cherry aphid 
Brown marmorated stink bug 
Cherry bark tortrix 
Cherry fruit fly 
Cutworms and armyworms 
Earwigs 
Leafrollers 
Peachtree borer 
Pear slug (Cherry slug) 
San Jose scale 
Shothole borer 
Spider mites 
Spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) 



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Caption: Necrotic rusty mottle virus symptoms
Photo by: R.S. Byther
  
Cherry : Necrotic rusty mottle
(revision date: 5/20/2014)


Biology
Necrotic rusty mottle is believed to be caused by a virus. Affected trees are slower to leaf out and bloom in the spring. Terminal buds may be killed and the leaf and flower buds open irregularly. About a month after bloom, leaves begin to show angular purplish to brown spots. The spots may dry and drop out, giving leaves a tattered appearance. They can also coalesce and affect most of the leaf. Severely affected leaves develop a yellowish mottling along the veins and often drop. Defoliation can be severe. In the fall, remaining leaves turn mottled yellow and green, dropping prematurely. Decayed areas with gumming may be present on the bark. Twigs, larger branches, and whole trees may die. The necrotic rusty mottle virus is probably spread primarily by grafting with infected wood. 'Lambert' is severely affected, while 'Royal Ann' shows no symptoms.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Plant and graft only with certified virus-free stock.
  • Remove and destroy infected trees, if desired.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

None recommended

Images

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Caption: Necrotic rusty mottle virus symptoms
Photo by: R.S. Byther