WSU Extension

Hortsense

Common Diseases
 
Armillaria root rot 
Botrytis blight (Gray mold) 
Cankers 
Crown gall 
Damping-off 
Dead roots 
Dodder 
Downy mildew 
Dwarf mistletoe 
Galls 
Leaf spots and blights 
Nectria cankers 
Phytophthora root rot 
Powdery mildew 
Pseudomonas bacterial canker 
Root rots 
Rusts 
Sclerotinia white mold 
Sudden oak death 
Tubercularia canker 
Verticillium wilt 
Viruses 



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Caption: Phytophthora collar rot on madrone
Photo by: R.S. Byther
  
Common Diseases : Phytophthora root rot
(revision date: 4/30/2013)


Biology
Phytophtora root rot is caused by a fungal infection of the roots resulting in root death and overall plant decline. Infected plants may appear off-colored and stunted, and may show symptoms of wilting prior to death. Plants growing in excessively wet soils (maybe for only several weeks) are most vulnerable to infection. These fungi thrive in poorly drained soils and can be spread by water movement as well as by movement of infested soil, infected plants and plant debris. Cinnamon-brown discoloration of infected roots and lower stem tissues are symptoms of this disease, but also can be symptoms of other root rot diseases. Laboratory isolation or ELISA tests confirm diagnosis.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Plant only in deep, well-drained soil.
  • Correct drainage if water puddles near plants.
  • Use resistant species or cultivars, such as Hall or Sargent crabapples and certain rhododendron species and varieties. Avoid planting susceptible plants into soil where root rot has been a problem.
  • Do not move infected plants, plant debris, or infested soil to other areas.
  • Destroy infected plant material including roots when feasible.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

None recommended

Images

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Caption: Phytophthora collar rot on madrone
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Caption: Phytophthora root rot infecting trunk
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Caption: Dieback on creeping hemlock due to Phytophthora root rot
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Caption: Phytophthora root rot on juniper
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Caption: Phytophthora root rot on cedar
Photo by: R.S. Byther