WSU Extension

Hortsense

Ornamental Cherry
 
Disease
Armillaria root rot 
Bacterial canker 
Brown rot 
Coryneum blight (Shothole) 
Leaf spot 
Virus diseases 
Insect
Aphids 
Apple-and-thorn skeletonizer 
Cherry bark tortrix 
Pear slug 
Redhumped caterpillar 
Scales 
Shothole borer 
Spider mites 
Tent caterpillars 



print version| pdf version| email url    
Caption: Cherry bark tortrix
Photo by: T.A. Murray
  
Ornamental Cherry : Cherry bark tortrix
(revision date: 3/10/2017)


Biology
The cherry bark tortrix (CBT) is a pest of most woody ornamental trees and shrubs in the family Rosaceae. CBT attacks Prunus (cherry, plum and peach), Malus (apple, crabapple), Pyrus (pear), Crataegus (hawthorn), Sorbus (mountain ash), Cydonia (quince), Pyracantha (firethorn) and Photinia. CBT has one generation per year and a prolonged flight period from April until September. All life stages occur within the host tree except for the eggs and adults. Eggs are laid singly on the bark surface. Hatching larvae penetrate the bark through openings (natural and mechanical wounds) and feed on the living tissue of the tree's bark. Graft unions of ornamental trees are preferred sites for attack. Larvae do not penetrate the hard wood of the tree. During feeding, CBT larvae construct a frass tube consisting of fecal pellets and webbing. The frass tube is the location for pupation once CBT has completed the larval stage. Frass tubes are an excellent indication of CBT infestations and susceptible trees should be regularly monitored for frass tubes.
Management Options


Non-Chemical Management
  • Do not purchase susceptible trees. Mount Fuji Oriental and weeping (or Higan) Flowering cherries are very susceptible to CBT attack.
  • Practice proper tree care.
  • Avoid any mechanical injuries or large pruning cuts.
  • Conserve parasitic wasps and other predators by reducing pesticide usage. Do not make unnecessary pesticide applications to the trunk of the tree unless CBT is your target.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

Only use pesticides for large infestations. For best results, apply in mid-September to early October when temperatures are warm and conditions are dry. Treat only infested areas, such as the trunk or graft union. Do not treat the canopy. Drench the frass tubes with a low-pressure spray until run-off. Mix only small amounts of pesticides, very little mixed material is needed to control CBT. Less than one liter of mixed product is more than enough to treat most highly infested trees. These products are toxic to bees. Do not apply any of the products listed on or near blooming plants. To minimize risk to bees, apply in the evening after bees have stopped foraging for the day.

Listed below are examples of pesticides that are legal in Washington. Always read and follow all label directions.
  • Bayer Advanced Power Force Multi-Insect Killer R-T-S
    Active ingredient: cyfluthrin  |  EPA reg no: 72155-39
  • Bonide Eight Insect Control Yard & Garden R-T-Spray
    Active ingredient: permethrin  |  EPA reg no: 4-407
  • Bonide Systemic Insect Control
    Active ingredient: acephate  |  EPA reg no: 239-2461-4
  • This list may not include all products registered for this use.
Images

+ Show larger images

 
Caption: Cherry bark tortrix
Photo by: T.A. Murray
Caption: Cherry bark tortrix damage
Photo by: T.A. Murray
Caption: Frass tubes from Cherry bark tortrix activity
Photo by: T.A. Murray
Caption: Frass tubes from Cherry bark tortrix activity
Photo by: T.A. Murray