WSU Extension

Hortsense

Plum, Prune (Fresh)
 
Disease
Armillaria root rot 
Bacterial canker 
Black knot 
Brown rot 
Crown gall 
Cytospora canker 
Plum pockets 
Russeting 
Shothole (Coryneum blight) 
Silver leaf 
Virus diseases 
Insect
Aphids 
Apple-and-thorn skeletonizer 
Brown marmorated stink bug 
Earwigs 
Fruittree leafroller 
Leafhoppers 
Pacific flatheaded borer 
Peach twig borer 
Peachtree borer 
Pear slug 
Scale insects 
Shothole borer 
Spider mites 
Spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) 



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Caption: Peachtree borer and damage at base of tree
Photo by: K. Grey
  
Plum, Prune (Fresh) : Peachtree borer
(revision date: 3/10/2017)


Biology
The peachtree borer adult is a dark, bluish, clear-winged moth which somewhat resembles a wasp or hornet. The female, which has dark forewings and a red-orange band on the abdomen, lays eggs on the tree. Emerging larvae move to ground level or just below ground, where they burrow beneath the bark and feed in the crown region. Signs of larval feeding include the presence near ground level of jelly-like gum mixed with dirt and pellets of excrement. Heavy infestations can weaken older trees, and foliage may be yellowed as if nitrogen-deficient. Young trees may be girdled and killed.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Probe into tunnels with a sharp wire to kill larvae.
  • Pick out larvae with a sharp instrument. This can damage trees if not done carefully.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

Apply generally in late spring or when adults are active. Adult flight is usually from late June through September. Apply product to trunk at base above soil line. Esfenvalerate is toxic to bees. Do not apply products containing esfenvalerate on or near blooming plants. To minimize risk to bees, apply in the evening after bees have stopped foraging for the day.

Listed below are examples of pesticides that are legal in Washington. Always read and follow all label directions.
  • Bug Buster-O [Organic]
    Active ingredient: pyrethrins  |  EPA reg no: 1021-1771-54705
  • This list may not include all products registered for this use.
Images

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Caption: Peachtree borer and damage at base of tree
Photo by: K. Grey
Caption: Peachtree borer damage at base of tree
Photo by: R. Van Denburgh