WSU Extension

Hortsense

Plum, Prune (Fresh)
 
Disease
Armillaria root rot 
Bacterial canker 
Brown rot 
Crown gall 
Cytospora canker 
Plum pockets 
Russeting 
Shothole (Coryneum blight) 
Silver leaf 
Virus diseases 
Insect
Aphids 
Apple-and-thorn skeletonizer 
Brown marmorated stink bug 
Earwigs 
Fruittree leafroller 
Leafhoppers 
Pacific flatheaded borer 
Peach twig borer 
Peachtree borer 
Pear slug 
Scale insects 
Shothole borer 
Spider mites 
Spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) 



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Caption: Cytospora-infected peach twigs
Photo by: R.S. Byther
  
Plum, Prune (Fresh) : Cytospora canker
(revision date: 5/20/2014)


Biology
The fungi which cause Cytospora canker attack through wounds on twigs and branches. Initial cankers are small, but enlarge quickly and may streak up and down the stems without girdling. The cankers may also girdle twigs, resulting in dieback above the infection site and causing "flags" of dead material to appear in the canopy. The leaves on the dead twigs turn color and droop, but often remain attached. The canker itself appears as a dark, sunken area of dead bark and wood. Amber gumming is often present. Pinhead-sized black fruiting structures of the fungi often erupt through the bark and produce reddish tendrils or droplets of spores in wet weather. Spores are easily spread by wind, rain, and insects. The cankers are often perennial, enlarging through several seasons.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Provide proper planting sites and culture. Healthy trees are more resistant to disease and winter injury.
  • Avoid wounding trees.
  • Control insect and disease problems to minimize injuries.
  • Prune out and destroy infected tissues during dry weather. Make cuts at least 12" below visibly infected area. Sterilize pruning tools frequently.
  • Rake and destroy infected twig debris.
  • Correct pruning practices minimize injury and improve wound healing. For more information see PNW 400, Training and Pruning Your Home Orchard, or contact your WSU Master Gardeners or county Extension agent.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

None recommended

Images

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Caption: Cytospora-infected peach twigs
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Caption: Cytospora canker spore tendrils on apple
Photo by: R.S. Byther