WSU Extension

Hortsense

Parasitic Wasps
 
Chalcid wasps 
Encyrtid wasps 
Ichneumonid and braconid wasps 



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Caption: Ichneumonid wasp (Trogus sp.) (Ichneumonidae)
Photo by: D.G. James
  
Parasitic Wasps : Ichneumonid and braconid wasps
(revision date: 10/11/2018)


Biology
This group of familiar parasitic wasps comprises a number of species that target caterpillars. Adults usually measure from ½ to 1 ½ inches in length and are slender and long-legged with the abdomen longer than the head and thorax combined. Many have a long ovipositor which is a needle-like structure at the end of the female abdomen used for inserting eggs into the host.

Prey or Pest Targeted
  • Aphids, mealybugs, caterpillars, true bugs, beetles, grasshoppers, leafhoppers, spiders, whiteflies, insect eggs
     
Attracting and Keeping Natural Enemies & Pollinators in Your Yard
  • Avoid regular use of synthetic, broad-spectrum pesticides. Infrequent use of certain narrow-spectrum pesticides is more compatible with some beneficials but generally the less chemical inputs there are, the greater and more diverse the beneficial insect community will be. Extensive lawns are also not conducive to attracting and retaining a diversity of beneficial insects, mites and spiders. Minimize lawn areas and maximize shrub and bush plantings. Many beneficials reside naturally in riparian and other ‘natural’ areas near to many back yards. Natural dispersion from these refuges ensures that some beneficials will visit back yards but they will not stay unless food, host and shelter resources are available. Native plants have closer affinities with native insects and therefore provide most of these resources. A garden with a good diversity of local native flora in and around back yards, will improve the abundance and diversity of local, beneficial arthropods. Native flora also provides natural overwintering sites for many beneficial insects and it is useful to leave at least a small area of native vegetation undisturbed during fall and winter.
  • Some kinds of beneficial insects (e.g. lady beetles, lacewings, predatory mites) are available for purchase from commercial suppliers. However, benefits from introducing these beneficials are usually limited and short-lived. Upon release, commercially obtained lady beetles and lacewings often disperse and may rapidly leave your backyard despite the presence of prey and suitable nectar resources. Generally, it is more effective and sustainable to create a garden habitat that will be colonized by beneficials naturally.
     

Images

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Caption: Ichneumonid wasp (Trogus sp.) (Ichneumonidae)
Photo by: D.G. James
Caption: Braconid wasp (Braconidae)
Photo by: D.G. James