WSU Extension


True Fir
Annosus root rot 
Armillaria root rot 
Current-season needle necrosis 
Grovesiella canker 
Interior needle blight 
Needle casts 
Phytophthora root rot 
Rust (Pucciniastrum) 
Rust (Uredinopsis) 
Balsam twig aphid 
Balsam woolly adelgid 
Giant conifer aphids 
Spruce budworm 
Spruce spider mite 

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Caption: Coneworm on pine
Photo by: K. Grey
True Fir : Coneworms
(revision date: 4/20/2015)

Coneworms attack trees by boring into shoot tips or stems, especially around wounds, and feeding on the soft bark tissues. Tip dieback may result from coneworm feeding. They may also bore into green cones, or feed on the soft bark of young growth or inside the bark on the trunk. The coneworms are small and light brown with a darker head. The adult coneworm is a mottled gray moth. Coneworms also attack pines, hemlocks, Douglas fir, and spruces.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Remove and destroy infested twigs and cones when possible.
  • Plant non-susceptible conifers where coneworms are a serious pest.
  • Natural enemies of the coneworm are likely.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

None recommended


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Caption: Coneworm on pine
Photo by: K. Grey
Caption: Coneworm damage
Photo by: L.J. du Toit