WSU Extension


Armillaria root rot 
Dwarf mistletoe 
Elytroderma needle cast 
Lophodermella needle cast 
Lophodermium needle cast 
Phytophthora root rot 
Western gall rust 
White pine blister rust 
Eriophyid mites 
European pine shoot moth 
Mountain pine beetle 
Pandora moth 
Pine aphid 
Pine bark adelgid 
Pine butterfly 
Pine needle scale 
Pine needle sheathminer (Pine sheath miner) 
Sequoia pitch moth 
Spider mites 
White pine weevil 

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Caption: Pine coneworm damage
Photo by: L.J. du Toit
Pine : Coneworms
(revision date: 4/20/2015)

Coneworms attack trees by boring into green cones. They also may bore into shoot tips or stems, especially around wounds. Tip dieback may result from coneworm feeding. Injured twigs often can be distinguished by the presence of pitch and sawdust-like frass produced by the coneworms. These larvae are small (about 1/2" long) and light brown with a darker head. The adult coneworm is a mottled gray moth. Coneworms also attack true firs, hemlocks, Douglas fir, and spruces.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Remove and destroy infested twigs and cones when possible.
  • Plant non-susceptible conifers where coneworms are a serious pest.
  • Natural enemies of the coneworm are likely.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

None recommended


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Caption: Pine coneworm damage
Photo by: L.J. du Toit
Caption: Pine coneworm larvae
Photo by: K. Grey