WSU Extension


Armillaria root rot 
Dwarf mistletoe 
Elytroderma needle cast 
Lophodermella needle cast 
Lophodermium needle cast 
Phytophthora root rot 
Western gall rust 
White pine blister rust 
Eriophyid mites 
European pine shoot moth 
Mountain pine beetle 
Pandora moth 
Pine aphid 
Pine bark adelgid 
Pine butterfly 
Pine needle scale 
Pine needle sheathminer (Pine sheath miner) 
Sequoia pitch moth 
Spider mites 
White pine weevil 

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Caption: Lophodermella needle cast
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Pine : Lophodermella needle cast
(revision date: 4/23/2014)

This fungal disease infects current-season needles, but symptoms are not found until the following spring. Infected needles turn reddish-brown, and later become yellow or straw-colored. Shallow dimples or depressions can be found on all needle surfaces. Infected needles are killed and cast (dropped from the tree) the following summer. Fungal fruiting bodies which open with a longitudinal slit may be found in dead two-year-old needles. Severely infected trees often develop a "lion-tailed" appearance, as only current-season needles remain on the tree. This disease may be confused with Lophodermium needle cast.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Do not plant in low areas or areas with poor air drainage.
  • Space plantings to provide good air circulation.
  • Reduce humid conditions favoring disease by removing weeds near and under trees, thinning the canopy, and pruning lower branches.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

Apply when needles are half grown and again when growth ceases. Homeowners should not make foliar applications to trees over 10 ft tall. Consult a commercial pesticide applicator for treatment of trees and shrubs over 10 ft. tall.

Listed below are examples of pesticides that are legal in Washington. Always read and follow all label directions.
  • GardenTech Daconil Fungicide Conc
    Active ingredient: chlorothalonil  |  EPA reg no: 67572-82-71004
  • Ortho Max Garden Disease Control Conc
    Active ingredient: chlorothalonil  |  EPA reg no: 239-2522
  • This list may not include all products registered for this use.

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Caption: Lophodermella needle cast
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Caption: Lophodermella needle cast
Photo by: C.R. Foss
Caption: Lophodermella needle cast fruiting bodies
Photo by: C.R. Foss