WSU Extension


Magnesium deficiency 
Pear trellis rust 
Phomopsis twig blight 
Phytophthora root rot 
Cypress tip moth 
Juniper scale 
Juniper tip midge 
Juniper webworm 
Spruce spider mite 

print version| pdf version| email url    
Caption: Symptoms on Juniperus sp.
Photo by: P. Kapitola,
Juniper : Pear trellis rust
(revision date: 4/23/2014)

Pear trellis rust is a fungal disease that attacks pear trees and junipers. It is commonly reported on pear leaves in western Washington. Like many rust diseases, pear trellis rust requires both hosts to complete its life cycle. Spores produced on juniper infect only pear trees and spores produced on pear only infect junipers (pear can occasionally be reinfected from overwintering diseased material on the tree). Spores produced on pears infect susceptible junipers in the fall. Infected junipers do not show symptoms until the following spring or later. Symptoms on juniper can be very difficult to detect and may include spindle-shaped swellings on twigs which girdle and kill plant tissues. The fungal fruiting structures which develop on juniper consist of long cylindrical, gelatinous, reddish-brown "horns" that appear during wet weather on the swollen tissues. Infected tissues on junipers may continue to produce spores for several years. For more information see Pear: Pear trellis rust.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Carefully examine plants before adding them to your landscape. Many diseases are introduced on infected planting material.
  • Complete removal of one host is the only completely effective cultural control.
  • Do not plant pears and junipers within 1,000 feet of each other. Most local transmission of this disease is by wind-blown spores.
  • Plant only disease-resistant junipers in areas where this disease is a concern; cultivars of Juniperus squamata, J. horizontalis, and J. communis are resistant.
  • Remove and destroy infected material from pear trees (fallen leaves, mummified fruit, heavily infected twigs, etc.) to help minimize disease spread. To help protect junipers, infected plant material must be removed from the pear trees before spores form, usually around late August in western Washington. This may not be practical on large trees.
  • Prune out swellings or galls from junipers.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!


+ Show larger images

Caption: Symptoms on Juniperus sp.
Photo by: P. Kapitola,