WSU Extension


Magnesium deficiency 
Pear trellis rust 
Phomopsis twig blight 
Phytophthora root rot 
Cypress tip moth 
Juniper scale 
Juniper tip midge 
Juniper webworm 
Spruce spider mite 

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Caption: Phomopsis twig blight on juniper
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Juniper : Phomopsis twig blight
(revision date: 4/11/2018)

Infection by Phomopsis begins with young leaves at the tips of shoots and can occur any time tender young foliage is available. Initially, small yellow spots appear on the scale-like leaves. As the infection spreads, leaves die and shoots fade to light green then reddish-brown and die back. The dead twigs remain attached. Gray to black fungal fruiting bodies develop at the base of or on killed portions. Phomopsis twig blight is spread by rain and splashing water. The disease is often worse in the center of the plant where branches join the trunk, making this disease easy to confuse with magnesium deficiency.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Plant resistant varieties such as Juniperus chinensis 'Pfitzeriana Aurea', 'Iowa', var. sargentii , var. sargentii 'Glauca', 'Shoosmith'; J. communis var. depressa, 'Repanda'; J. sabina 'Arcadia', 'Broadmoor', 'Skandia'; J. scopulorum 'Silver King'; J. virginiana 'Tripartita'.
  • Prune and destroy infected twigs.
  • Avoid wounding plants.
  • Avoid overhead watering. Keep plants as dry as possible and try to water only when foliage can dry quickly.
  • Do not overfertilize.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

Apply at 2-week intervals in spring, beginning when growth starts. Homeowners should not make foliar applications to trees over 10 ft tall. Consult a commercial pesticide applicator for treatment of trees and shrubs over 10 ft. tall.

Listed below are examples of pesticides that are legal in Washington. Always read and follow all label directions.
  • Bonide Infuse Systemic Disease Control Lawn & Landscape
    Active ingredient: thiophanate methyl  |  EPA reg no: 53883-183-4
  • This list may not include all products registered for this use.

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Caption: Phomopsis twig blight on juniper
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Caption: Phomopsis twig blight
Photo by: R.S. Byther
Caption: Phomopsis twig blight fruiting bodies
Photo by: R.S. Byther